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Is Industry 4.0 the 4th Industrial Revolution?

The etymology of the word manufacturing comes from the latin manu + factura and literally means “a working made by hand”, a human hand. As language evolves with the events of history and changes in the society, the meaning of manufacturing is getting reshaped by the new technologies that influence our way of “make a work”. The first industrial revolution started in Britain around the 1760s,...

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Chinese bridges

Possessing an effective communications system was without doubt one of the main concerns of all Chinese emperors. The first Chinese empire was based on a well-organized army and tight  control of the population. However, the measures taken as the basis of the empire included the unification and standardization of the systems of writing, coinage, weights and measures, and the length of cart axles...

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International Taxation 3.0

The international tax scenario has undergone radical changes in recent years. Countless news items and examples point to the fact that most countries are fed up of continuously losing revenues to tax havens. The old practices for international tax advice used until recently, amounting to what we might term 'international tax evasion', have become completely obsolete. Setting up a company in a...

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Barcelona, guest city at the Hong Kong Business of Design Week

Barcelona will be the first guest city at the forthcoming Hong Kong Business of Design Week on the first week of December. The project is promoted by the City Council of Barcelona and coordinated by the Institut Ramon LLull, with the strategic involvement of BCD Barcelona Design Centre, FAD Fostering Arts and Design and the Catalonia Trade & Investment from the Catalan Government. From 2006...

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News Xina 20

One step forward I would like to open this editorial with one of Laozi's most famous quotes: 千里之行﹐始於足下。 “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” It was with a single step that the China Group began 5 years ago - a meeting of four engineers keen to bring the reality of China to the Catalan Association of Industrial Engineers (COEIC), which resulted in a series of commitments:...

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News Xina 19

If there is one thing we will need every day for the rest of our lives, it is food. Food, or the lack thereof, is unarguably a driver of humanity. The development of agriculture only 12,000 years ago was the beginning of our civilisation, and 12,000 years is nothing if we bear in mind that hominids were using tools 2.5 million years ago, and that use of fire, and therefore the emergence of a...

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News Xina 18

The Belgian sinologist Pierre Ryckmans, aka Simon Leys, recently died in Sydney. He lived in Mao’s China, and was one of the first intellectuals to relentlessly criticise the Cultural Revolution, for which he was scorned by the entire enlightened French left. His China is that which survived the destruction of the Revolution. Leys is not only the best addition but also the best company for those...

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News Xina 17

China, in pursuit of talent and innovation to transform its industry The Chinese government wants to change its low cost production model, which has made it the world’s factory, into a more value added model. A few days ago, Catalan newspaper El Punt Avui’s magazine l’Econòmic published Prime Minister Li Keqiang’s recent statements made at the presentation of the Made in China 2025 plan: “We...

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News Xina 16

Infrastructure: the key to the Chinese bid for world leadership Throughout history, no world power has consolidated its hegemony without investing heavily in infrastructure. This can be seen in the case of China, which has committed to developing a range of highly competitive infrastructure that has bolstered the country's strong economic and social growth. Clearly, Chinese political leaders are...

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News Xina 15

China and the West, equal treatment If you ever have thought that our sophisticated world might be totally different simply by doing the same things another way, seeing objects with other eyes, growing up with other aesthetic criteria, having other sequences of priorities, with other norms and ways of interacting, writing concepts and stories with other sets of symbols and rules, obtaining the...

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